Crohn's disease is a condition in which the digestive tract is chronically inflamed. Inflammation can occur in many different areas of the body, including both the intestines, stomach, mouth, esophagus, and rectum. However, it is most commonly seen in the lower part of the small intestine.
Both men and women are at equal risk for Crohn's disease, and it can occur at any age. However, it most commonly appears between the ages of 13 and 30.
Depending on the type of Crohn's disease, symptoms may vary. However, some of the common symptoms of Crohn's disease include stomach pain, diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, anemia, and anal fissures.
Crohn's disease can also affect the immune system, causing symptoms that are not related to the digestive system. Some of these symptoms are skin rashes, liver disease, problems with eyes, and joint pain. Unfortunately, many of the symptoms of Crohn's disease are similar to symptoms of other diseases, making it hard to diagnose.
Unfortunately, Crohn's disease is chronic, and there is no cure. Certain treatments can help to put the disease into remission for a period of time. Typically, most patients with mild to moderate symptoms of Crohn's disease will be prescribed an anti-diarrheal medication or antibiotic to control symptoms and stop the inflammation. Once the symptoms are under control, patients are usually prescribed medicines keep them from emerging again.
Patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease often see their doctor at least every six months, with lab tests needed every two to three months to make sure the body is stable. If the outlook for patients with Crohn's disease is good, and they can usually go about living a normal life with help from their doctor.
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